Types of Gastritis

Types of Gastritis: Acute Gastritis to Chronic Gastritis

Acute Gastritis

Chronic Gastritis is increasing day by day in the world. A person who is suffering from Chronic Gastritis Kwon well how he handle the situation. Well, there are types of Gastritis. We as an individual must be sure for the cause as well as types of Gastritis. To prevent and cure it surely.
Like chronic gastritis, acute gastritis includes inflammation of the stomach; acute gastritis is more symptomatic than its chronic counterpart and can include serious complications like haemorrhages and/or erosion. The most common cause of acute gastritis is the overuse of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory (NSAID) drugs like ibuprofen, sodium naproxen, and diclofenac. Other causes of acute gastritis can be alcohol abuse, corticosteroids, chemotherapy, a myocardial infarction, and even stress.
What we do to diagnose acute gastritis. Acute gastritis can be diagnosed by its symptoms, or, more specifically, via tissue samples or endoscopy. Under a microscope, stomach tissue affected by acute gastritis appears red, inflamed and contains excessive blood vessels (hyperemia). In more serious conditions, tissue death (necrosis) of stomach glands is possible. In mild cases, patients may have mild stomach irritability and indigestion. In moderate to severe cases, patients may have upper abdominal (epigastric) pain, nausea, and might even vomit blood.
The truth is that there is no specific treatment guideline for acute gastritis, medicines and food and diet changes can help relieve symptoms. Antacids like famotidine (Pepcid) and proton pump inhibitors can help suppress excessive acid production.

Chronic Gastritis

Chronic gastritis is the term used for when the stomach lining becomes inflamed repeatedly or for an extended period of time. When this occurs, the stomach lining loses protective cells and function. Chronic gastritis slowly wears away the stomach lining because it occurs over a longer period of time. Common symptoms of chronic gastritis include upper abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, loss of appetite, and indigestion. Although stomach irritation is common, it is not always a symptom of chronic gastritis.

The stomach lining includes glands that produce stomach acid and other important compounds such as enzyme pepsin to help break down foods and protect from infection. The stomach lining is also responsible for secreting mucus to protect itself from the strong acids in the stomach.

The lifestyle and dietary habits are important when considering the possible increased risk for chronic gastritis, as they can affect changes in the stomach lining. Activities such as smoking, long-term consumption of alcohol, and having a high-fat or high-salt diet are associated with increased risk of developing chronic gastritis.

Atrophic Gastritis

Atrophic gastritis, also known as Type A or B gastritis, is a subtype of chronic gastritis. The key difference between atrophic and other forms of gastritis is the death of stomach glands and their replacement with intestinal and fibrous tissues. The stomach must secrete essential chemicals like hydrochloric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor to digestive food. Atrophic gastritis, however, directly interferes with this stomach function because it kills the cells required to produce them.

Atrophic gastritis can cause serious health complications like Vitamin B12 and iron deficiencies. Treatment options may include antibiotics, antacids, iron supplements, and/or B12 supplements. As with any medical condition, consult with your doctor to see what treatment is best for you.

Antral Gastritis

Antral gastritis is a less common form of stomach inflammation than acute or chronic gastritis. Antral gastritis type is unique in that it occurs in the lower portion of the stomach, also known as the antrum. Older adults are most likely to have this type of gastritis. Antral gastritis can be caused by a virus, bacteria, stomach injury, or erosive medications. The main symptom for this type of gastritis is indigestion. Additionally, inflammation in the stomach can cause some patients to feel a burning sensation in the abdomen.

While the main symptom of antral gastritis is indigestion, antral gastritis can also cause other typical gastritis symptoms such as nausea, bloating, flatulence, and changes in stool coluor. Antral gastritis can be treated with stomach antacids or antibiotics if a bacterial infection is present. As with any medical condition, consult with your doctor to see what treatment is best for you.

Autoimmune Gastritis

As with most autoimmune diseases, there is no cure for autoimmune gastritis. However, treating its complications like B12 and iron deficiencies can help patients live more comfortably with the disease. Most importantly, patients diagnosed with autoimmune gastritis should have their levels of B12 and iron routinely checked for the rest of their life. As with any medical condition, consult with your doctor to see what treatment is best for you.

As with most autoimmune diseases, there is no cure for autoimmune gastritis. However, treating its complications like B12 and iron deficiencies can help patients live more comfortably with the disease. Most importantly, patients diagnosed with autoimmune gastritis should have their levels of B12 and iron routinely checked for the rest of their life. As with any medical condition, consult with your doctor to see what treatment is best for you.

Erosive Gastritis

Erosive gastritis is typically acute, it can also be chronic with little to no symptoms. In severe cases, erosive gastritis can result in extreme discomfort every time food is consumed. Erosive gastritis typically includes different symptoms as well, such as vomiting of blood or black colored stool.

Erosive gastritis damages to the stomach lining through medical conditions like Crohn’s disease, infections from bacteria like E.coli, and food allergies. Because the causes of erosive gastritis are similar to the causes of general gastritis, the diagnosis for erosive gastritis can be more challenging. A doctor may have to carry out additional tests to confirm the diagnosis, or even take an x-ray of the stomach. Those who show persistent symptoms are recommended to consult their doctor as soon as possible to receive the proper treatment and diet recommendations.

Alcoholic Gastritis

Alcoholic gastritis is the gastritis that is caused by the consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol. Alcohol can limit stomach’s ability to produce acids, which often results in inflammation.

If a patient stops drinking but has continuing symptoms, a physician may perform an endoscopy to seek any other reasons for such symptoms and the reasons for discomfort. Consult your physician if you have a history of alcohol use and are experiencing digestive discomfort.

Duodenitis

 This is also not so much comman but,A condition very similar to gastritis, duodenitis occurs when damage and inflammation occur within the first section of the small intestine. In many ways, the symptoms of the condition are similar to gastritis with abdominal pain, bloating, discoloured stool and nausea. The main causes of this condition are similarly the H. pylori bacteria.

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